Ilija Garašanin: Ilija Garašanin, statesman and administrator of Serbia who was twice In he wrote a memorandum entitled Nac̆ertanije (“Draft Plan”). Abstract: The draft of Serbian foreign policy, written by Ilija Garasanin, still provokes In appendix is the new translation of Nacertanije by the author. An English translation is also available in P. N. Hehn, “The Origins of Modern Pan-Serbianism – The Nacertanije of Ilija Garasanin: An Analysis and.

Author: Gotaur Nikok
Country: Liechtenstein
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Health and Food
Published (Last): 1 January 2006
Pages: 218
PDF File Size: 10.25 Mb
ePub File Size: 12.19 Mb
ISBN: 466-3-89813-375-8
Downloads: 65333
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Mikakinos

Evolution from historicism as a source of political legitimismand linguistic unity as contemporary standard of nation-building towards modern national identity, based on nation-state model, was a Serbian version iljja two global, German and French concepts of national integration While relaying on German cultural concept which emerged from medieval traditions of Volk, the french Jacobin ideology in Serbia was the result of national and social revolution experienced in Uprising.

Along with the strengthening of the autonomy obtained inthere was also greater internal turmoil in Serbia expressed in the struggle for the adoption of a liberal Constitution that would limit the patriarchal despotism of Milos Obrenovic.

Ilija Garasanin’s “Nacertanije”

But his ikija was inclusive not exclusive. By he had managed to gain the withdrawal of all Turkish civil officials and garrisons from Serbia. Through the mediation of Polish representatives in Constantinople and Paris, Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic was recognized both by France and Great Britain as the lawful ruler of Serbia.

The concept of Nacertanije was enlarged by introducing the parliamentary democracy as substantial element for achieving ultimate national goals. Central European University Press, In appendix is the new translation of Nacertanije by the author.

Ilija Garašanin

Article Tools Print this article. It is Russia that they look upon as the power which wishes and can do the most for their liberation. The arrival of the Turks interrupted this changeover and obstructed this matter for a long time, but now that Turkish strength has been, in a manner of speaking, broken down and destroyed, that same spirit ought to reawaken and assert its rights anew and once again continue the interrupted process.

They organized a branched network of secret diplomatic strongholds, financially and politically supported by French and British diplomacy 7. Essentially, Nacertanije can be reduced to two main goals: Thank you for your feedback.

Instead of undefined aspirations and unrealistic plans, conceived as a simultaneous series of national insurrections, national unification became quite pronouncedly a state programmewhere the bearer of the national action was the Grasanin – a strong, enlightened, secularized and ilijja organized one. After we have briefly indicated our attitide towards present Bulgaria and her great importance for Serbia, and after few words about the Russian influence that dominates there, we shall proceed to give an outline of some initial means for establishing the Serbian influence.


However, the leader of the Serbian revolution also had ambitious plans for a radical geopolitical reconstruction of the Balkans.

He is known for being the first Serbian politician working to replace the Russian protectorate over Serbia, with the joint service to all European great powers. This was a new concept of foreign and national policies, imbued with liberal ideas and principles. For this work the government would have to take the first step providing for and appointing a commercial agent to Ulcinj who would instruct the Serbian merchant, as if pointing with his forefinger, where he should direct his attention.

The Serbian Principality was already a secularized state: A Czech born in Moravia, Zach was the ardent advocate of Slavic solidarity. The Mission of Colonel Hodges. If this is not the case then the blame falls, in part at least, upon Serbia herself, because she has not tried enough to win the friendship of these Serbs.

He got acquainted with the Serbian question during Karadjordje’s uprising.

They should judge the political situation of the designated country, especially its political currents; gather data which will enable better aquaintance with the people, their feelings and their innermost desires; but above all, they should indicate what must be considered as an already recognized and publicly expressed popular demand. As early as the times of Karadjordje the main problem of both Serbia’s internal and foreign policies, was the serious interference of Russian diplomacy and its desire to subject Serbia to its own strategic interests in Southeastern Europe.

But the model was a suitable one in that it did unite and ensure some measure of order and stability. Both also work in every way to forestall and prevent the emergence of another Christian empire in place of the Ottoman Empire; for then, the fond hope and pleasant prospect would disappear for Russia of seizing and holding Constantinople, which has been her most cherished plan since Peter the Great; and Austria would then be in terrifying danger of losing her South Slavs.

By becoming free from this power which is slowly wearing out, both sides would simultaneously liven up Their most frequent criticism referred to Garasanin’s neglect of co-operation with the Croats. In ilijaa politics, he was the first pro Yugoslavia statesman among Serbs. The main precondition for the future unification of the Serbs and the Croats was garaeanin of the Habsburg Empire along national lines which, after the defeat of the Austrain army in Italy and Germany, seemed liija if only for a while.


The Historical Context Nacertanije has two main sources: The Conseilswritten in Januarywere the general political basis of Serbian foreign and internal policies, aimed at creating a powerful Southern Slavic state around Serbia in the future. Economic domination of the neighbouring Habsburg Empire Austria over the Principality’s trade was not as visible as the political protectorate of imperial Russia.

Speaking of these, he emphasized the importance of propagating the ideas of national unification among the Habsburg Serbs in general, but he did iljja put forward the idea of a broader national unification that would have encompassed the Serbs both in the Ottoman and the Habsburg lands. He believed that bureaucracy was the only ilima for administration to work. If we thought of Serbia as merely a principality, which she is now, and if this principality were not the nacertqnije of a future Serbian Empire, then the world would concern itself no more with Serbia than it did with the Moldavian and Wallachian principalities where there is no principle of independent life and which it considers only as Russian pendants.

He addressed with the same request to a number of his Serbian associates, so that he would be able to compare several opinions Help us improve this article!

Ilija Garašanin | prime minister of Serbia |

The fourth Hatti-sherifthe so-called Turkish Constitution, was drawn up at the Porte in through joint efforts of Russian and Austrian ambassadors. The policy of Serbia 19 The Turkish Empire [must] fall apart, and this dissolution can only take place in two ways: The Bulgarian clergy is mainly Greek, and not of Bulgarian nationality; therefore, it would be desirable and useful if a certain number of young Bulgars were trained in theology in Serbia and then returned as priests to their people and homeland.

In a memoir submitted to Napoleon III inGarasanin warned him that the Habsburg Empire was a strange agglomeration of nations, which should be recomposed according to the principle of nationality.